The REAL ID Act of 2005 is a federal law that put stringent requirements and standards into place for U.S. identifying documents, including state-issued drivers’ licenses and immigration papers.
Real I.D. is currently in the process of being fully implemented throughout the country. While citizens already must meet identification requirements in order to enter nuclear facilities and military bases, the next step for Real I.D. is airport implementation. Being able to fly both domestically and internationally will be dependent upon having the proper identification. Here is what you need to know about the impending REAL ID requirements for air travel.
When Does It Take Effect?
REAL ID requirements were slated to go into effect nationwide beginning October 1, 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic that disrupted many day-to-day operations beginning in March 2020, the implementation date for REAL ID requirements was pushed back to an undetermined date.
How Does REAL ID Affect Air Travel?
REAL ID is a series of nationwide standards to maintain stricter security in the issuance of identification materials. When in effect, all air travelers will be required to have REAL ID-compliant licenses in order to pass through TSA checkpoints. Individuals with identification from extension-granted states where REAL ID has still not been fully implemented by this time will not be allowed to use their state-issued drivers' licenses.
Certain states offer Enhanced Driver’s Licenses which will continue to be accepted as valid identification. Passports will be accepted, as well. As each state adopts REAL ID requirements, individuals will be able to obtain a REAL ID-compliant license. Every state has now made the necessary preparations to implement compliance, according to the Department of Homeland Security’s timeline. Some states, though, are on a slower timeline.
Is Everyone Required to Have a New License?
While REAL ID is a federal mandate, state participation is voluntary. REAL ID-compliant identification is not mandatory as a general rule. You will not be required to have a new license for registering to vote, driving in your state, entering federal facilities that do not require identification, or accessing health services and law enforcement.
After the deadline, however, federal facilities, nuclear plants, and TSA airline checkpoints will require REAL ID identification for entry. Federal agencies are prohibited from allowing people to board flights or enter locations without REAL ID-compliant identification after the deadline.
Is My State REAL ID-Compliant?
There are currently four levels of state compliance with the REAL ID Act according to the Department of Homeland Security.
(image via DHS)
There are 47 states and 3 unincorporated territories that are currently compliant with REAL ID requirements. Air travelers from these states and territory may continue to use their government-issued IDs at TSA checkpoints. These include: Alaska, Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
- Granted Extension
There are 2 states that have been granted an extension by DHS for complying with REAL ID guidelines. Air travelers from these states and territories may continue to use their government-issued IDs at TSA checkpoints. If these states do not reach compliance by the national implementation date, however, identification from these states and territories will no longer be accepted. These two states are Oklahoma and Oregon.
Currently, there are no states or territories regarded as non-compliant.
- Under Review
There is one state (New Jersey) and two unincorporated territories (American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands) undergoing a review period.
What Do I Need to Do?
As each state adopts REAL ID requirements, you will simply need to obtain a new license. You will need to check your state’s compliance status to see when and if the state government will adopt REAL ID requirements. If your state does not have REAL ID-compliant licenses, you will need to be able to provide other TSA-approved identification in order to fly domestically, such as a passport.